a. The dietary guidelines for Americans recommend that everyone, including pregnant and breastfeeding women, increase the amount of seafood they eat to 2 to 3 servings each week for heart and brain benefits.
a. Young children should eat 2 servings of seafood each week in age-appropriate portions to match their calorie needs.
a. Omega-3s from plant sources like flax seed (called ALA), while healthy, do not have the same benefits as the omega-3s found in fish (called EPA and DHA). Fish-based omega-3s are the most powerful at improving heart and brain health.
a. Seafood is naturally gluten-free. Sometimes gluten is added to products during processing. So, choose fish or shellfish without gluten seasonings, coating or breading.
a. Studies show that, from a nutrition perspective, farm-raised and wild caught fish are essentially comparable. At least half of the fish Americans eat comes from aquaculture, which is an important complement to wild-catch for sustainability,affordability and availability reasons.
a. Sustainable seafood comes from sources, whether fished or farmed, that can maintain or increase production into the long-term withour jeopardizing the structure or function of affected ecosystems. The following areas are monitored for sustainability: species overfishing, catch methods, well-managed fishery, pollution in the environment, and the feed used.
a. Mercury occurs naturally in the environment and is also released into the air and water through industrial pollution. Mercury in fresh and marine waters is converted into methylmercury, which is easily absorbed by animals as they feed and binds to fish protein. Over 90% of seafood consumed by Americans do not have a significant amount of mercury to cause any damage.
a. Seafood consumed in the United States comes from a variety of sources including:
Imported seafood from all over the world
U.S. wild capture fisheries
b. Imported seafood is listed first because, of the total amount of seafood consumed in the United States, over 91% (by value) is imported from foreign countries – about half of that is produced by aquaculture.